The hottest paper industry in Guangdong Province 2

2022-09-21
  • Detail

The consumption level of paper and paperboard is an important symbol to measure the level of modernization and civilization of a country. Economically developed countries basically have developed paper industry. With the rapid development of national economy, the consumption and import of paper products have increased rapidly, providing a broad market for the development of paper industry. The provincial Party committee and the provincial government have identified the paper industry (including pulping, papermaking and paper products) as one of the three potential pillar industries that our province focuses on Cultivating in 1998. According to the decision of the Standing Committee meeting of the provincial Party Committee on transforming the research results of competitiveness into industry planning and formulating relevant policies and the work deployment of the provincial government, the annual development plan of Guangdong paper industry was formulated. Chapter I development status and development environment I. development status the paper industry in our province has developed rapidly in recent years, the production scale of enterprises has been expanding, the overall technology and equipment level of the industry has been significantly improved, and the trend of industrial agglomeration is emerging. (1) In 2003, there were 932 papermaking and paper products enterprises in our province. Among them, there are 346 paper-making enterprises, with a production capacity of about 90 million tons per year, and the high-efficiency operation platform. The large-scale paper-making enterprises with the output ranking in the top 20 among the national paper-making enterprises include Guangzhou paper, Zhuhai Hongta Renheng, Dongguan Jiulong, Liwen and Zhongshan United Hongxing; There are 582 paper products enterprises, with a production capacity of about 6million tons/year. The top ten paper products enterprises in China are Foshan Tetra Pak Huaxin, Shenzhen Jinsheng, Shenzhen meifuwatong, Shenzhen Huazhuang, Qingyuan Jinxin and other five enterprises. The output of paper-making enterprises above designated size is 11.72 million tons. Among them, 3.24 million tons of pulp (using statistical indicators, including waste pulp, the same below), 5.43 million tons of paper and paperboard, and 3.05 million tons of paper products, ranking first, third and first in the country respectively. The total industrial output value is 40.4 billion yuan, accounting for 2% of the total industrial output value of the province and 24% of the total output value of the national paper industry, ranking second among all provinces and regions in the country. In, the annual average growth rate of the output of the paper industry in our province was 27%, 10 percentage points higher than the national average growth rate. (2) The import and export are active, and the trade volume ranks first in the country. In 2003, the export delivery value of pulp, paper, paperboard and paper products in our province was 9.1 billion yuan, ranking first in the country. Among them, the export delivery value of paper products accounts for 72% of the country. Among the top ten paper products enterprises in the country, our province accounts for 9, and Shenzhen Watson, Jinsheng packaging and Lijia packaging rank in the top three. 900000 tons of pulp, 3.18 million tons of waste paper, 4.56 million tons of paper and paperboard, and 130000 tons of paper products are imported from the ports of our province, accounting for 15%, 34%, 72% and 58% of the total imports of similar products in China respectively. A total of 950000 tons of pulp, paper and paperboard, waste paper and paper products are exported from the ports of our province, accounting for 40% of the total export volume of similar products in the country. (3) The pace of introduction has been accelerated, and the level of technology and equipment has been greatly improved. In recent years, the new papermaking capacity of our province is mainly the introduction of foreign advanced papermaking technology and equipment. The overall level of technology and equipment has been greatly improved, and some are close to the world advanced level. From 1996 to 2002, the country introduced foreign and domestic 3 There are 64 77 meter wide paper machines, including 13 in our province; From 1999 to 2002, 47 foreign waste paper treatment lines were introduced, including 9 in our province, accounting for 35% of the total capacity of the country. The waste paper treatment production line and paper machine from Canada and other countries introduced by Guangzhou Paper Group, the new paper machine with a width of 6 meters and a speed of 1250 meters/minute introduced by Dongguan Jiulong and Liwen paper industry, the first wide width high-speed paperboard machine designed and manufactured by China (with a width of 5. This requires a fixture with a volume of 5 meters and a speed of 700 meters/minute) purchased by Zhongshan United Hongxing, and the red liquor extraction production line of KBC company introduced by Jiangmen Ganhua factory have reached the international advanced level. (4) Strengthening source control and pollution remediation have achieved certain results. Most paper-making enterprises in our province have closed chemical pulping production lines, switched to commercial pulp and waste paper, and increased efforts to meet standards. Although the paper industry has developed rapidly in recent years, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) discharged by the paper industry in our province in 2003 was 26000 tons, a decrease of 74000 tons or 74% compared with 2000; 12000 tons of soot and 39000 tons of sulfur dioxide (SO2), basically maintained at the level of 2000. (5) The trend of industrial agglomeration is emerging, forming a development pattern dominated by packaging paper. Our province is currently one of the four most dynamic paper industry sectors in the country. Papermaking enterprises are mainly distributed in the Pearl River Delta, among which there are 160 papermaking enterprises in Dongguan, with a production capacity of 5million tons/year. In 2003, there were 11 paper-making enterprises with an annual output of more than 100000 tons, with a production capacity of 4.4 million tons, accounting for nearly 50% of the total production capacity of the province. The province has a number of nationally famous core enterprises in the paper industry, including functional paper with low cycle load cycle, deformation cycle and displacement cycle, Dongguan Jiulong, Liwen, Zhuhai Hongta Renheng, Xinhui Weida, Zhanjiang Guanhao, Shenzhen Watson paper products, etc. At present, our province can produce more than 160 kinds of paper products. Among them, packaging paper and paperboard account for 80%, cultural paper accounts for 10%, household paper accounts for 7%, and special paper and paperboard account for 3%. The main products are paper, offset book paper, writing paper, kraft paperboard, Coated Whiteboard, white paperboard, high-strength corrugated paper, etc. Among them, Guangzhi paper, Zhuhai Hongta Renheng coated white cardboard, Foshan Huafeng and Guangzhou weidagao coated white cardboard, Dongguan Jiulong and Liwen kraft board, Zhanjiang Guanhao carbon free carbon paper, Xinhui Weida low weight high-grade toilet paper, Jiangmen Ganhua plant sugarcane awn pulp board and other products enjoy high popularity in the country. 2、 Development environment (I) international environment 1 Development status in 2003, the world's pulp production was 180 million tons, paper and paperboard 330 million tons, and paper products 100 million tons (see Table 1 for the production layout and trade pattern of the world's paper industry). In terms of production, pulp: North America will still be in an absolute advantage, Europe will remain stable, Asia will develop rapidly, waste paper resources are mainly in North America and Europe (the largest trade volume in the United States), and the main production increase areas of commercial wood pulp are in South America and Asia; Paper and Paperboard: the United States will be in the absolute leading position, Japan, Canada and other countries are relatively stable, China and South Korea are developing rapidly, and the main production increase areas are in Asia; Paper products: it will grow at an average annual rate of 3%. The areas of increasing production are Asia, North America and Europe, and China's growth rate is the fastest. In terms of demand, it is predicted that the world's demand for pulp, paper, paperboard and paper products will increase by about 2.4% annually in the next eight years. In 2010, the world's demand for pulp, paper and paperboard and paper products packaging will reach 220 million tons, 400 million tons and 120 million tons respectively, of which 35.6% of the total demand is in Asia (China accounts for about 20% of the total demand). 2. Development trend (1) the production scale is becoming larger and larger. At present, the new scale of a single production line of chemical wood pulp in the world has reached 10000 tons/year, and the scale of a single paper machine has reached 10000 tons/year. In 2002, the top ten paper enterprises in the world produced more than 8million tons of paper. The largest pulp and paper enterprise, American International Paper Corporation, produced 13.71 million tons of paper, with a sales volume of 28.2 billion US dollars, which is 1.2 times the total sales volume of China's existing paper enterprises. (2) Fiber raw materials become the focus of competition. The paper industry is greatly constrained by raw material forest resources. Due to limited global forest resources and few net exporters of commercial wood pulp, the supply of commercial wood pulp will be tightened in the future, and large international paper companies are stepping up their efforts to seize raw material forest resources. As a renewable fiber resource, waste paper is becoming more and more important in the raw materials of the paper industry. Large paper companies are increasing their control over this resource through the establishment of waste paper import and export companies. (3) Environmental protection issues have attracted much attention. Countries continue to develop new technologies for cleaner production and pollution prevention and control to protect the environment and promote the sustainable development of the paper industry. (4) The pace of industrial transfer has accelerated. In order to improve their competitiveness, international paper multinationals are speeding up the global industrial integration and seizing resources and markets. (2) Domestic environment 1 Overall, in 2003, there were about 20000 papermaking and paper products enterprises in China, including 3500 papermaking enterprises, with a production capacity of about 50million tons/year; There are more than 15000 paper products enterprises with a production capacity of about 15million tons/year. The main production provinces include Shandong, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Henan, Hebei and Jiangsu, accounting for about 70% of the total output of the country. The production of paper and paperboard is mainly distributed in 8 provinces with more than 1million tons, such as Shandong, Zhejiang and Guangdong; The main production areas of paper products are Guangdong and Zhejiang (see attached table 2). In recent years, the paper industry in Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and other provinces has developed rapidly. It is predicted that China's pulp demand will increase from 35million tons in 2003 to 65million tons in 2010, with an average annual increase of more than 9%; The demand for paper and paperboard increased from 44million tons in 2003 to 65million tons, with an average annual increase of about 6%; The demand for paper products increased from 17million tons in 2003 to 30million tons, with an average annual increase of more than 8%. 2. Domestic situation (1) the adjustment of market demand structure is accelerated. The market demand shows a rapid growth trend. Based on the current product structure and the lack of forest resources in China, it is expected that the domestic paper industry will face the problem of insufficient effective supply capacity in the long term in the future (the import volume of main paper products will be greater than the export volume). The consumption structure is changing. Paper and paperboard are changing from medium and low-grade to medium and high-grade. The existing product structure can no longer meet the consumption requirements for new office paper, information paper and household paper. It is expected that the future market consumption structure will form a new pattern of multi-level, diversified varieties, high-grade quality and reasonable price. (2) The contradiction between supply and demand of fiber raw materials has become increasingly prominent. In 2003, wood pulp accounted for 21% of China's raw material structure, and waste pulp accounted for 49%. Among them, imported wood pulp accounts for 73% of the total wood pulp, and imported waste pulp accounts for 39% of the total pulp. In, the average annual growth rate of imported wood pulp and imported waste paper was 30% and 34% respectively, showing a further increasing trend. (3) The pressure of domestic environmental protection is increasing. As the national requirements for environmental protection become higher and higher, the discharge standards of pulping and papermaking wastewater will become more and more strict. Papermaking enterprises are facing the major issues of increasing environmental protection investment, implementing cleaner production and sustainable development. (4) The production of papermaking chemicals cannot meet the needs. With the rapid development of papermaking industry, the demand for papermaking chemicals has increased sharply, and efficient chemicals basically rely on imports. At present, many large foreign companies have entered the domestic market in transmission control. (3) Development advantages of our province 1 Market advantages. In 2003, the per capita consumption of paper products in our province was 113 kg, which is still significantly different from the per capita consumption of 200 kg in developed countries and regions. Since China's entry into WTO, the import and export trade of our province has expanded rapidly, which directly drives the growth of the demand for paper products. It is predicted that in 2010, the demand for pulp in our province will increase from 5million tons in 2003 to 10million tons, the demand for paper and paperboard will increase from 8million tons in 2003 to 13.5 million tons, and the demand for paper products packaging will increase from 3million tons in 2003 to 7million tons. 2. Resource advantages. First, the resource conditions for developing papermaking raw material forests are unique. Our province is located in the subtropical zone, which is suitable for the growth of papermaking raw material forest. The existing forest land area is 162.47 million mu, including 109.74 million mu of commercial forest land, accounting for 67.5% of the total forest land area. The total growth of trees is 17.42 million m3, and the total consumption is 7.29 million m3, which is 66.3% of the annual forest cutting quota approved by the state. Second, it is easy to obtain renewable raw material resources such as waste paper. Our province has many Shenzhen and Hong Kong ports, which are suitable for the large purchase of recycled raw materials such as waste paper. Third, sufficient water resources. Our province has abundant rainfall and vast rivers and reservoirs, which can meet the large amount of water necessary for the paper industry. 3. Financial advantages. Our province has a good soft and hard environment for foreign investment, and has always been one of the provinces that absorb the most foreign investment in China. In recent years, foreign businessmen have high enthusiasm for investing in afforestation and establishing paper mills in our province. In addition, with the rapid economic development of our province over the years, a large number of private capital has been accumulated in the society, and a considerable number of private enterprises are involved in the paper industry, providing a solid foundation for the development of the paper industry in our province

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI