The hottest paper industry has made great strides

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The paper industry has made great strides to catch up with the international level

the paper industry is the basic industry of China's national economy. In the past, China's paper market was mainly self-sufficient, and imported paper played a complementary role. However, in recent years, with the rapid development of publishing, book printing, commodity packaging and other industries, paper consumption demand is strong, and the import volume is increasing. Compared with imported paper, the price performance ratio of Chinese paper products is at a disadvantage. Therefore, at present, China's paper industry has changed from self-sufficient to import, with an import dependency of 20%, which is relatively rare in light industry. Today, after joining the WTO, how to give full play to its own advantages during the transition period, improve the industrial level as soon as possible, improve the competitiveness of the international and domestic markets, and expand exports is an urgent problem for China's paper industry

it is reported that China is a large country in the production and consumption of paper products, and its output ranks third in the world. In 2000, the output of paper and paperboard in China reached 32 million tons, and the consumption was close to 40 million tons. At present, the domestic commodity market is generally in a surplus state, and the paper industry is a rare industry in China where the growth of consumption is greater than that of production. Therefore, relevant experts predict that the paper industry will be China's "sunrise industry" in the 21st century. At the same time, as a general competitive industry, with the deepening of reform and opening up, China's paper industry has basically been in line with the international market. Especially in recent years, the national import tariffs on pulp and paper have been continuously lowered. In terms of absorbing foreign investment, the State encourages and supports other paper types except for a few special paper types such as banknote paper and stamp paper. In essence, the opening risk of China's paper market has been released to a certain extent, and will buffer the adjustment adaptability after China's entry into WTO

however, it cannot be ignored that there is a big gap between China's paper industry and the international advanced level. Most of the paper-making enterprises have backward technology and equipment, small market scale, many grass raw materials, and low product grade, production efficiency and labor productivity. There are only 600 kinds of paper products in China, of which 50% are medium and low-grade products, while developed countries have more than 1000 medium and high-grade products; The water consumption of paper per ton is 200 tons in China and only 20 tons in developed countries, because the imported products are mainly high-end products with wood pulp as raw materials. It is reported that at present, the tax rate of paper type with the largest import volume in China is 12% to 15%, and its import volume increases significantly every year. After joining the WTO, reducing the tax rate is bound to reduce the price of imported paper, which will have a more serious impact on domestic manufacturers of similar products. Therefore, experts in the industry put forward positive countermeasures for China's paper industry after China's entry into WTO

first of all, we should expand the scale of enterprises and speed up the introduction of foreign large-scale advanced technology and equipment. Relevant experts suggested that we advocate the localization of technical equipment, but before this goal is achieved, we should actively introduce advanced equipment. Just as civil aviation can't wait until it can produce large passenger aircraft before opening international flights, the paper industry can't wait until it can develop and manufacture large-scale advanced equipment before modernization. This requires the formation of a peak period of investment industry and scientific research after China's entry into the WTO, so as to improve the level of technological equipment. Liaoyang paper machine factory and Xi'an paper machine factory can provide them for prototype production because they have improved their technical level in cooperation with foreign companies, and their product prices are also cheaper than those abroad. On the other hand, it is also the trend of international development to choose domestic advantageous enterprises as the main body, form large enterprise groups through mergers and acquisitions, improve the concentration and professional cooperation level of the industry, and engage in cross regional and cross provincial alliances

secondly, we should strengthen investment attraction. According to the development plan of China's paper industry, the investment required in the next 15 years will be 600 billion to 700 billion yuan, with an average annual investment of 40 billion to 50 billion yuan. The paper industry is a capital and technology intensive industry. According to the experience in recent years, a new construction, expansion and technological transformation project with a certain scale cannot be carried out without 1billion, 2billion or even tens of billions. After joining the WTO, the state will further relax the restrictions on the introduction of foreign capital, and the huge potential of the domestic paper consumption market will also attract more foreign capital to set up factories in China. In recent years, many international paper groups have successively set up factories in China, such as Indonesia's golden light group (APP), South Korea's Han song, Sweden's stora, Finland's UPM Asia Pacific Resources, and have successively built a number of large paper mills with equipment up to the world's advanced level in China. These enterprises have brought advanced technology and management, produced high-quality and high-grade products, and met the needs of the domestic market, It has greatly promoted the modernization process of China's paper industry. At the same time, the establishment of these enterprises can also increase national taxes, increase employment opportunities, and drive many related industries in China to complete the historical development of breaking the industry in terms of large-scale and super large crane equipment products and the domestic lack of stable supply sources of diaphragm special materials

third, we should speed up the process of product diversification. Some experts believe that due to China's lack of advantages in capital, technology and resources, enterprises are generally small-scale, and their products are single and mostly mass-produced, making it difficult to compete with large enterprises. After joining the WTO, some paper production enterprises can develop their strengths and circumvent their weaknesses, adjust the product structure, and develop new technologies and products that meet the multi-level needs at home and abroad according to the specific characteristics of different markets. At the same time, we should make full use of the advantages of small production scale and small ships, and seek living space. According to reports, a paper mill with an annual output of only 30000 tons in Taiwan has more than a dozen paper machines and its own research institute, which can develop several new varieties every year. Thanks to the diversified operation, the factory has a relatively rich profit every year. A small enterprise specializing in the production of shoe paperboard in the United States, although the market capacity is small, because it uses waste to produce special varieties, large enterprises disdain to compete with it for the market, but also has a better market. Experts remind paper enterprises that no matter what products they produce, the key is to strengthen market research and technological innovation, and strive to develop more high value-added products and export products

fourth, it is suggested to adjust the structure of papermaking raw materials. Due to the unreasonable structure of papermaking raw materials in China for a long time, the problem of papermaking raw materials must be solved first in order to effectively change the situation of papermaking industry. We should focus on wood raw materials, vigorously develop wood pulp and paper, and take the development path of combining forest and paper, which is also the successful experience of the development of the world's paper industry. Experts suggested that the paper industry should be included in the category of national basic industries and given key support

it is reported that the State Council has approved the "several opinions on accelerating the construction of raw material forest bases for the paper industry" issued by the State Planning Commission, the Ministry of Finance and the State Forestry Administration, and relevant departments are actively promoting the construction of national paper forest bases. It is estimated that during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the base area of paper forest will reach 40million mu. After the base forest enters the normal cutting period, it can provide more than 32 million cubic meters of raw materials for the paper industry every year and produce more than 8 million tons of wood pulp

according to the national papermaking plan, the total output of paper and paperboard in China will reach 40million tons to 45million tons in 2010, and the total consumption will reach 50million tons. It is estimated that by 2010, the total output of paper and paperboard in China will exceed 60million tons, and the consumption will reach 70million tons. This period is also the first stage of the comprehensive opening-up after China's accession to the WTO. Therefore, Chinese paper-making enterprises should make early preparations to improve their own quality and comprehensively improve the growth rate of China's paper industry

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