The hottest Internet of things triggered a new wav

2022-10-24
  • Detail

IOT triggered a new wave of industrial development needs to be planned first

IOT has broad application prospects

IOT is developed on the basis of interconnection, which shows that this wave of information industry has not stopped, but is further deepened, extended and expanded. Many professionals call IOT the third wave of the world information industry, and it is the core field of a new round of competition in the information industry. It is expected that in 10 years, IOT will be popularized on a large scale and develop into a high-tech market with a scale of more than trillion yuan, and its industrial scale is 30 times larger than that of Internet. Forrester, an American consultancy, predicts that by 2020, the business of Internet of things in the world will reach 30 to 1 compared with the business of human to human communication

not long ago, the author investigated two IOT enterprises in Beijing with relevant departments and learned that China has made great progress in the application of IOT. At the 2008 Olympic Games, relevant enterprises provided the command center in the Olympic public area with wireless network operations such as personnel and vehicle positioning, management, command and scheduling, and emergency response in the event of a crisis. They gave full play to the characteristics of accuracy, safety and speed, and successfully provided good services for the safety management of the Olympic Games with a stable and reliable IOT system; In the mass rally evacuation system for the 60th anniversary of the National Day in 2009, the relevant departments realized the comprehensive application of video, positioning, sensing and management technology through the integration of road cameras, subway cameras and mobile video vehicles; The Shanghai WorldExpo has also successfully used IOT technology to deal with ticketing, security management and other issues. In Beijing, relevant departments have built a comprehensive demonstration area of IOT through the construction of a remote prevention and control system for toxic and harmful gases, a monitoring system for boiler energy conservation and emission reduction, and a comprehensive safety prevention and control system for Ping'an campus; In Shandong, some enterprises attach electronic labels to cars and remotely control each car; Some enterprises use RFID technology to trace the safety of meat food

from the perspective of application scope, IOT can be widely used in agriculture, transportation, security, logistics, retail, electricity, finance, environmental protection, public safety, industrial monitoring, medical and other fields. In specific management practice, IOT can at least solve the following management problems. First, it can strengthen the real-time supervision of the site, so as to timely understand the conditions of various material facilities and the surrounding environment. For example, more use of IOT to monitor environmental pollution can improve the monitoring efficiency and effectively prevent enterprises from secretly discharging sewage. The second is to implement integrated systematic management. For example, the whole process management of agricultural cultivation, field management, food production and food processing through IOT can solve the safety problems of agricultural products from field to table. Third, it can deal with the complexity management of large capacity and massive information. This is suitable for data acquisition, transmission and processing of huge systems, so as to solve contradictions in time. Fourth, intelligent solutions can be proposed to save a lot of resources and energy and improve management efficiency

in fact, the good application of IOT, especially in the fields of intelligent electricity, intelligent office and intelligent transportation, can improve the operation efficiency of the system. Through IOT, we can conduct real-time supervision on the overall operation status of the user end and the system, and adopt the most economical and safest mode and method to conduct process management of the system, so as to realize the optimal allocation and utilization of system resources. In terms of smart power construction, Jiangxi provincial power has carried out real-time monitoring of the operation status of 20000 distribution transformers distributed throughout the province, realizing efficient integrated management such as power consumption inspection, power quality monitoring, load management, line loss management, demand side management, and reducing power loss by 120million kwh in one year. In terms of intelligent office, some leading foreign enterprises have achieved a high level of intelligent office, with obvious power saving characteristics. When employees swipe their cards to enter the office building, the air conditioning and lights in their office will turn on automatically; When employees leave the office building, the air conditioning and lights in the office will turn off automatically. Cisco has developed intelligent interconnection building solutions, saving 15% of energy consumption for U.S. domain storage technology Co., Ltd., located in Silicon Valley, which aims to develop better composites for the automotive, wind turbine and compressed gas storage industries. In terms of transportation, IOT is also of great use

it can be seen that the development of IOT will provide visual tools for the development of industries and regions, the maintenance of public safety, and the prevention of all kinds of disasters and risks, and achieve more transparent and clear perception, more comprehensive interconnection and more intelligent management. It can better combine informatization with industrialization, urbanization, and marketization, with low resource consumption, large coverage, and more employment opportunities With good comprehensive benefits and other characteristics, it has a relatively broad development prospect. For this reason, many provinces and cities in China have supported IOT as an emerging key industry. Take Beijing as an example. In July 2009, Beijing proposed to build Beijing into a digital city integrating urban and rural areas, an information city with convenient access to information, a network city of mobile Internet, a leading city for the trial and promotion of new information technology and new business, and a trusted city with first-class information security level by the end of 2012

the development of IOT industry needs to break through key technologies

China started early in the research and application of IOT, with high development enthusiasm in various regions and a certain scale of industrial development. The main problem affecting industrial development lies in the bottleneck constraints of key technology innovation. But the outlet of the other end of IOT ldquo; Sesame rain rdquo; The market prospect of the industry falling into the container has attracted wide attention at home and abroad, and all regions have paid attention to strengthening technological innovation in IOT. In China, Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Wuxi and other cities have increased technological innovation in the IOT industry, and have made significant innovations in the research and development of a series of important technologies such as continuous distributed optical fiber sensing technology. For example, Beijing is engaged in video surveillance, wireless intelligent sensor network communication, and micro manual control loading; Breakthroughs have been made in the research and development of electronic force measuring sensors, sensor terminals, mobile base stations and other technologies using the controller of the well cover pressure tester; A relatively complete industrial chain has been formed in terms of sensors, video surveillance, data transmission, data processing, spatial positioning, etc; It leads the country in electronic information industry, software development, information infrastructure construction and other aspects. All these provide a realistic basis for the development and application of IOT

IOT needs the support of networking technology, digital signal processing, search engine, and technology such as security and privacy technology, which should be applied evenly. How to break through the core technology is still the key to the accelerated development of China's IOT industry. In the three levels of IOT industry, China's technological innovation in the perception level is relatively backward, and there is a certain gap with the international advanced technology level in the R & D and industrialization of chips, sensors and other aspects; In the application of transmission layer technology, there is little gap with the international advanced technology level; At the application level, there are certain technical advantages. Accelerating technological innovation at the perception level will promote the rapid development of the IOT industry, enhance the core competitiveness of China's IOT industry, and promote China's IOT industry to go global and participate in the competition in the international market

of course, the current problems in China's IOT industry are not just technical. As some authoritative experts have pointed out, there are also problems such as the lack of overall planning and top-level design, the lack of standards and specifications, the lack of large-scale application, the lack of business models, and the imperfection of the industrial chain. In industrial development, there are still problems such as mass action, self built standards in various regions, going its own way, and serious market segmentation, which make the normal market competition efficiency unable to be effectively played. All these have a certain impact on the future development of IOT industry

strengthen the government's guidance and support for the development of IOT industry

historically, when the global economy is changing from a trough to restorative growth, emerging industries usually play an important role in the overall economic growth. The current IOT industry has such industrial characteristics. In China, IOT technology has been listed as a major national science and technology project, and IOT industry has also been listed as a strategic emerging industry with national priority. From the perspective of accelerating the transformation of economic development mode and adjusting and optimizing industrial structure, we should also strengthen the government's guidance and support for the development of IOT industry

in specific policy practice, we should strengthen the overall design, and we can strengthen the planning of IOT industry in the 12th Five Year Plan; Promote the establishment of IOT technical standards, application standards and industry standards. We should participate in the formulation of global standards and strengthen our voice in standardizing IOT industrial standards. Accelerate the formulation of national standards internally to guide and standardize the development of the industry; We should break the regional blockade pattern and promote friendly competition and cooperation among enterprises across regions; We should actively promote the construction of a number of government demonstration projects and give full play to the guiding function of major projects in industrial expansion and technological innovation; Actively promote the process of industry university research integration, support the technological innovation of key links and key products, pay attention to the technological innovation in the field of perception, and strive to make breakthroughs in the technological innovation of chips and other products; Establish an investment and financing platform of IOT to support enterprises to become bigger and stronger as soon as possible through extensive financing

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI