The hottest Internet of things written into the go

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The IOT written into the government work report is expected to enter the fast lane of development

Wen Jiabao stressed that if China wants to seize the commanding height of future economic and technological development, it cannot always follow and imitate others, nor wait for technology transfer. It must rely on its own strength to produce original results

On March 5, Premier Wen Jiabao pointed out in his government work report that we should vigorously develop new energy, new materials, energy conservation and environmental protection, biomedicine, information networks and high-end manufacturing industries. We will actively promote new energy vehicles and the "three integration" to make substantial progress, and accelerate the R & D and application of IOT. The experimental method of increasing the combat standard requires that the calculation should become a tortuous stress when it is 5%, and the investment and policy support of strategic emerging industries

insiders said that this is the first time that IOT has been written into the government work report, which also means that the development of IOT has entered the vision of the national level. It is reported that China has planned to invest 3.86 trillion yuan in IOT research and development by 2020

the global information technology industry experienced changes marked by the popularity and interconnection of mainframe computers and personal computers around 1965, 1980 and 1995, known as the 15 year cycle law. In the current 15 years, a new change is quietly emerging, that is, IOT

for most investors, the term IOT has not been known for a long time, and it is estimated that many people have never heard of it. So, what is IOT, and what is the relationship between IOT and the well-known Internet

as the name suggests, IOT is the interconnection of things, and its English name is the Internet of things. It refers to a network that connects any object with the Internet through radio frequency identification (RFID), infrared sensors, global positioning system, laser scanners and other information sensing equipment to exchange and communicate information, so as to realize intelligent identification, positioning, tracking, monitoring and management

in 1995, Bill Gates mentioned IOT in the road to the future, but this new concept did not attract much attention at that time. In 1999, the International Conference on mobile computing and networks held in the United States proposed that sensing is another development opportunity facing mankind in the next century. In November, 2005, at the World Summit on the information society (WSIS) held in Tunis, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) released the ITU interconnection Report 2005: IOT, which formally put forward the concept of IOT. After taking office as president of the United States in 2009, Obama gave a positive response to the concept of smart earth first proposed by IBM CEO Palmisano, and rose to the national strategy of the United States, which triggered the pursuit of IOT around the world. In China, IOT was first called sensing. The development of sensing in China started early. The Chinese Academy of Sciences launched sensing research as early as 10 years ago, and has invested hundreds of millions of yuan

however, it was from August last year that IOT really attracted the attention of the Chinese public. On August 7, 2009, Premier Wen Jiabao visited Wuxi Gaoxin micro nano sensing engineering technology research and development center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. After learning that the domestic sensing core technology is not at the world's leading level, Wen Jiabao said: when the computer and Internet industry developed on a large scale, we went through some detours because we didn't master the core technology. In the development of sensing, we should plan for the future and break through the core technology as soon as possible. Premier Wen pointed out that at least three things can be done as soon as possible: first, combine the sensor system with TD technology in 3G; Second, accelerate the development of sensing in major national science and technology projects; Third, establish China's sensing information center with a year-on-year growth of 23.6% as soon as possible. Subsequently, Premier Wen Jiabao delivered an important speech entitled "let science and technology lead China's sustainable development" on November 3. In this speech, IOT was listed as one of the country's five emerging strategic industries. It is required to strive to break through the key technologies of sensing and IOT, deploy the research and development of relevant technologies in the post IP era as early as possible, and make the information network industry the engine to promote industrial upgrading and move towards the information society

Premier Wen Jiabao's successive statements have aroused the great attention of the Chinese people to the IOT, and people from all walks of life have also expressed their views and opinions. Zhuhongren, chief engineer of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that relevant Chinese departments are jointly carrying out research on the new generation of information technology, including IOT, in order to clarify its new development direction and form new policies to support these technologies, so as to promote the development of the whole economy. Wang Jianzhou, President of China Mobile, made it clear that IOT has unlimited business opportunities, and China Mobile will cooperate wholeheartedly with all parties with an open attitude. When everything is connected with people, it is expected to play the role of remote control

IOT is a new era after Internet. For a long time, IOT has been very sophisticated because it has not entered the lives of ordinary people. In addition to the conceptual description, is there a more similar product? Let's take a look at the world's first IOT refrigerator just born in Qingdao. At the recently held technology conference of Haier Group, Haier launched the world's first IOT refrigerator, outlining the first real picture of the era of IOT for the home appliance industry: if you want to make a rich dinner, but don't know what ingredients are in the supermarket downstairs? Never mind, the refrigerator can communicate with the supermarket by itself, and you can control the whole supermarket commodity information without leaving home; There are many kinds of food, how to choose? Needless to think, the refrigerator will tell the food your habits and preferences, make the food mix reasonably, and provide you with a healthy and nutritious dietary plan; There are a lot of things piled up in the refrigerator. Is it too troublesome to search the shelf life? It doesn't matter. Food and refrigerator can have a dialogue. The characteristics, origin and shelf life of food are as clear as the palm of your hand. All you need to do is receive the information fed back to you by the refrigerator and make your favorite decisions. In addition, this IOT refrigerator also has many life and entertainment functions, such as network visualization, browsing information, playing videos, etc., making the refrigerator, which was originally a household appliance, a comprehensive center of life and entertainment

all these scenes once described in science fiction have really appeared in real life. This is the change that IOT will bring to our lives after the Internet. If the low-speed and high-precision transformation connection that can be completed mutually is the connection of everyone, then the connection of things is the connection of things and people. In fact, some applications of IOT have appeared around us, such as electronic medical records, access control systems, etc. In the future, IOT will be applied to transportation, home furnishing, environmental protection, government affairs and other aspects

in terms of intensity, the biggest beneficiary of IOT industry is mobile communication operators. Mobile communication operators are the intermediate link and the most important link in the IOT industrial chain. First of all, all IOT terminal devices, including RFID tags, readers and wireless sensor terminals, must be interconnected through the network, and the data collected by the terminal must be transmitted wirelessly to the Internet for sharing. Mobile operators provide a ready-made wireless communication network, which has indisputably become a physical contact support system. Forrester, an authoritative consulting organization in the United States, predicts that by 2020, the business of Internet of things in the world will reach 30 to 1 compared with the business of human to human communication. Therefore, IOT is known as the next trillion level communication business

of course, the development of IOT is not a smooth road. In the process of the commercialization of IOT technology, China has been lack of mastery of some key technologies, and the lack of independent intellectual property rights of key technologies is one of the key factors restricting the development of IOT in China. In addition, at present, China's RFID industry is still in chaos, and technical standards are still like the moon in the mirror. The industrialization of IOT inevitably requires the full cooperation of upstream and downstream manufacturers such as chip manufacturers, sensor equipment manufacturers, system solution manufacturers, mobile operators and so on. There is still a lot of work to be done in terms of system, such as strengthening the cooperation between the competent departments of radio and television, telecommunications, transportation and other industries, jointly promoting the establishment of informatization and intelligent transportation systems, and accelerating the process of three integration. The cooperation of the industrial chain needs to take into account the interests of all parties. Under the background that the interest mechanism and business model of all parties have not yet taken shape, how to break through the barriers between the industrial chains is also a key factor restricting the development of China IOT. With the convening of the two sessions, these institutional problems are expected to be solved gradually. Once this problem is solved, it means that the development of China IOT will enter the fast lane

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